Relevant Standards

Standards

Relevant NASA Standards:

Military/U.S. Government Standards:

  • FED-STD-101, "Federal Test Method Standard"
  • MIL-B-117, "Bags, Sleeves and Tubing--Interior Packaging"
  • MIL-PRF-81705, "Barrier Materials, Flexible, Electrostatic Free, Heat Sealable"
  • MIL-E-17555, "Electronic and Electrical Equipment, Accessories, and Provisioned Items (Repair Parts): Packaging of"
  • MIL-HDBK-263, "Electrostatic Discharge Control Handbook for Protection of Electrical and Electronic Parts, Assemblies, and Equipment (Excluding Electrically-Initiated Explosive Devices)"
  • MIL-M-38510, "General Specification for Military Microcircuits“
  • MIL-P-82646, "Plastic Film, Conductive, Heat Sealable, Flexible"
  • MIL-PRF-87893, “Workstations, Electrostatic Discharge (ESD) Control”
  • MIL-STD-129, "Marking for Shipment and Storage"
  • MIL-STD-1285, "Marking of Electrical and Electronic Parts"
  • MIL-STD-1686, "Electrostatic Discharge Control Program for Protection of Electrical and Electronic Parts, Assemblies and Equipment (Excluding Electrically Initiated Explosive Devices)"
  • MMA-1985-79, Revision 3, “Standard Test Method for Evaluating Triboelectric Charge Generation and Decay”

Industry Standards:

  • ANSI/IEEE-STD-142, "IEEE Green Book (IEEE Recommended Practice for Grounding of Industrial and Commercial Power Systems)"
  • ANSI/EIA-625, "Requirements for Handling Electrostatic-Discharge-Sensitive (ESDS) Devices"
  • ANSI/EIA-541, “Packaging of Electronic Products for Shipment”
  • ANSI/EIA-583, “Packaging Material Standards for Moisture Sensitive Items”
  • ESD-ADV3.2, “Selection and Acceptance of Air Ionizers”
  • ESDSIL, "Reliability Analysis Center (RAC) ESD Sensitive Items List"
  • EIA-471, “Symbol and Label for Electrostatic Sensitive Devices”
  • IEC 61340-5-1, “Protection of Electronic Devices from Electrostatic Phenomena – General Requirements”
  • EN 100015-1, “Basic Specification: Protection of Electrostatic Devices - Part 1 General Requirements”

Other Standards:

  • ESD Association Standard for the Development of an Electrostatic Discharge
  • Control Program for – Protection of Electrical and Electronic Parts, Assemblies and Equipment (Excluding Electrically Initiated Explosive Devices). ANSI-ESD-S20-20
Electrostatic Discharge (ESD)

Standards

NASA Standards:

The overarching NASA standard for fastener procurement, receiving inspection, and storage practices for all fasteners used for spaceflight hardware that are procured, received, tested, inventoried, or installed for space flight by a NASA Center, by a prime contractor, or by any other spaceflight hardware developer is:

Military Standards:

  • FED-STD-H28/20: Screw-Thread Standards for Federal Services, Inspection Methods for Acceptability of UN, UNR, UNJ, M, and MJ Screw Threads
  • NASM1312-6: Fastener Test Methods, Method 6, Hardness
  • NASM1312-8: Fastener Test Methods, Method 8, Tensile Strength
  • NAM1312-108: Fastener Test Methods, Metric, Method 108, Tensile Strength
Fasteners

Standards

NASA Specifications:

  • NHB 1700.1(V1) NASA Safety Policy and Requirements Document
  • NASA-STD-8739.7 NASA Technical Standard: Electrostatic Discharge Control (Excluding Electronically Initiated Explosive Devices)
  • NHB 8060.1C Flammability, Odor, and Offgassing Requirements and Test Procedures for Materials in Environments that Support Combustion.

Industry Standards:

  • American National Standards Institute (ANSI):
    • ANSI Z136.1 Safe Use of Lasers
    • ANSI Z136.2 Safe Use of Optical Communication Systems Utilizing Laser Diode and LED Sources
    • ANSI/NCSL Z540-1-1994 General Requirements for Calibration Laboratories and Measuring and Test Equipment
  • American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM):
    • ASTM/D1007 Standard Specification for Secondary Butyl Alcohol

Other Documents:

  • EIA/TIA 440 Fiber Optic Terminology
  • EIA/TIA 455 Series Standard Test Procedures for Fiber Optic Fibers, Cables, Transducers, Connecting, and Terminating Devices
Fiber Optics

Applicable Documents

1. NASA-STD-5007, General Fracture Control Requirements for Manned Spaceflight Systems , March 13, 2001

2. NSTS 1700.7B, Safety Policy and Requirements for Payloads Using the Space Transportation System , Change No. 15, April 8, 2003

3. NSTS 1700.7B, ISS ADDENDUM, Safety Policy and Requirements for Payloads Using the International Space Station, Change No. 3, February 1, 2002

4. NASA-STD-5003, Fracture Control Requirements for Payloads Using the Space Shuttle , October 7, 1996

5. SSP 30558C, Fracture Control Requirements for Space Station , June 30, 1994

6. SSP 30560, Revision A, Glass, Window, and Ceramic Structural Design and Verification Requirements , May 5, 2003

7. SSP 52005B, Payload Flight Equipment Requirements and Guidelines for Safety-Critical Structures , December 10, 1998

8. NASA-STD-5009, Non-Destructive Evaluation Requirements for Fracture Control Programs , Release Pending (This document is being evaluated by NASA as a replacement for MSFC-STD- 1249)

9. MSFC-STD-1249, Standard NDE Guidelines and Requirements for Fracture Control Programs, September 11, 1985 (NASA is evaluating replacement of this document with NASA- STD-5009)

Fracture Critical

Standards

Metrology

Standards

Relevant Standards and CFRs

  • 29 CFR - Labor
  • 40 CFR - Protection of Environment
  • 49 CFR - Transportation
  • ASTM-D996 - Standard Terminology of Packaging and Distribution Environments (DoD adopted).
  • ASTM-D1008 - Test Methods for Water Vapor Transmission of Shipping
  • Containers (DoD adopted).
  • ASTM-D1974 - Methods of Closing, Sealing, and Reinforcing Fiberboard Boxes (DoD adopted).
  • ASTM-D3951 - Standard Practice for Commercial Packaging (DoD adopted).
  • ASTM-D5118 - Fabrication of Fiberboard Shipping Boxes.
  • ASTM-D5168 - Fabrication and Closure of Triple Wall Corrugated Fiberboard Containers (DoD adopted).
  • ASTM-D5330 - Tape, Pressure Sensitive, Packaging Filament Reinforced.
Packaging

Standards

NASA Standards & Practices Handbook (February 2008): http://process.nasa.gov/documents/Stds-PracticesRevc.pdf

Process Control

Standards

Relevant NASA Shelf Life Standards:

Shelf Life Control

Standards and Relevant Documentation

  • NASA-STD-8739.1 Workmanship Standard for Staking and Conformal Coating of Printed Wiring Boards and Electronic Assemblies
  • JPL D-4330 Conformal Coating and Staking Training Handbook
  • NHB 8060.1C, Flammability, Odor and Offgassing Requirements and Test
  • Procedures for Materials in Environments that Support Combustion
  • IPC-6011, Generic Performance Specification for Printed Wiring Boards
  • IPC-6012, Qualification and Performance Specification for Rigid Printed Boards
  • IPC-2221, Generic Standard on Printed Board Design
  • IPC-2222, Sectional Design Standard for Rigid Organic Printed Boards
  • MSFC 527/JSC 090604, Materials Selection List for Space Hardware Systems
  • ASTM-D-2240, Standard Method of Test for Rubber Property Durometer Hardness
  • ASTM-D-2651-67, Preparation of Metal Surfaces for Adhesive Bonding
  • OSHA Standards Occupational Safety and Health Standards 29 CRF Part 1910
  • MIL-A-8625E,II,2 Anodic Coatings, For Aluminum and Aluminum Alloys
  • MIL-C-554 lD, Chemical Conversion Coatings on Aluminum and Aluminum Alloys
  • MIL-C-28809, Circuit Card Assemblies, Rigid, Flexible, and Rigid-Flex
Staking, Bonding and Conformal Coating

Standards

NASA Standards:

  • Crimping, Interconnecting Cables, Harnesses, and Wiring. NASA-STD-8739.4.
  • Electrostatic Discharge Control. NASA–STD-8739.7.
  • Protection of Electrical and Electronic Parts, Assemblies and Equipment. ANSI / ESD S20.20-1999.
  • Fiber Optic Terminations, Cable Assemblies, and Installation. NASA-STD-8739.5.

Other Relevant Standards:

  • ASTM  B 942 2005-NOV-01 - Standard Guide for Specification and Quality Assurance for the Electrical Contact Performance of Crimped Wire Terminations.

 

Other useful sources:

  • Standards: 8739.4
  • 8739.4 Checklist
Wire Crimping and Harness

Standards

Numerous voluntary and mandatory standards apply for workmanship depending on the product or service being produced and the surrounding conditions for use of the product. Standards vary from industry to industry as does the level of detail and training required. Workmanship standards should be taken seriously as they can result in low reliability and repeatability of products and services.

Mandatory Standards invoked by NASA:

Commonly Invoked Standards that can be downloaded from: http://standards.nasa.gov. Some other standards are:

Doc# Title Revision Date 
IPC-2221  Generic Standard on Printed Wiring Board Design 2/1/1998
IPC-2222 Sectional Standard on Rigid Printed Wiring Board Design 2/1/1998
IPC-2223A Sectional Design Standard for Flexible Printed Boards - Supersedes IPC-D-249 6/1/2004
IPC-2225 Sectional Design Standard for Organic Multichip Modules (MCM-L) and MCM-L Assemblies 5/1/1998
IPC-6011 Generic Performance Specifications for Printed Boards 7/1/1996
IPC-6012A Qualification and Performance Specification for Rigid Printed Boards 10/1/1999
IPC-6013A Qualification and Performance Specification for Flexible Printed Boards - Amendment 1: 1/2005 11/1/2003
IPC-6015 Qualification and Performance Specification for Organic Multichip Module (MCM-L) Mounting and Interconnecting Structures 2/1/1998
IPC-6018 Microwave End Product Board Inspection and Test - HF-318B; Supersedes HF-318A December 1991 1/1/2002
J-STD-004 Requirements for Soldering Fluxes - Replaces QQ-S-571: 1994; Amendment 1 - April 1996 1/1/1995
J-STD-005 Requirements for Soldering Pastes; Amendment 1 - June 1996 1/1/1995
J-STD-006 Requirements for Electronic Grade Solder Alloys and Fluxed and Non-Fluxed Solid Solders for Electronic Soldering Applications 5/1/2001
NASA-HDBK 8739.21 Electrostatic Discharge (ESD) Control 6/18/2010
Workmanship